Causes of TMJ Disorder
TMJ disorder can be caused by a few different factors. Common contributors to this condition include tooth wear—specifically tooth wear caused by teeth grinding and clenching. Teeth grinding and clenching (also known as bruxism) is a particularly destructive habit that puts strain on the TMJ and affects a patient’s occlusion by wearing down teeth. Other causes of TMJ dysfunction include traumatic facial injuries and congenital or developmental defects that affect the joint or the jaw itself.
Treating TMJ Dysfunction
Like the symptoms of TMJ disorder, treatment options can vary. The first step to treating this condition is determining its underlying cause. Sometimes, mild TMJ dysfunction can be rectified with stress reduction techniques and therapeutic massage. If TMJ disorder was caused by bruxism or tooth wear, a dentist may place restorations to restore the occlusion and prescribe custom mouth guards to protect teeth during sleep. Severe TMJ dysfunction – especially caused by damage to the jaws or joint – may require oral surgery to correct the placement of the jaws or repair joint damage.
To learn more about our services or to schedule an appointment with one of our skilled oral surgeons, contact us at Commonwealth OFS today.